Lengthy processing times for Contributory Parent Visas

Lengthy processing times for Contributory Parent Visas



Obtaining an Australian Contributory Parent Visa has become a prolonged and intricate process, often taking several years. Currently, in 2024, the processing time for new applications is estimated to be more than 12 years. The Contributory Parent Visa allows parents to migrate to Australia, provided their child is an Australian citizen, permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand citizen. This visa requires the payment of a substantial fee, contributing to the country’s healthcare and other services, hence the term “contributory.” Despite its significance, the lengthy waiting times have become a major concern for visa applicants.


Understanding the Contributory Parent Visa

The Australian Contributory Parent Visa, available in both temporary (subclass 173) and permanent (subclass 143) forms, and Australian Contributory Aged Parent Visa, available in both temporary (subclass 884) and permanent (subclass 864) forms are designed to facilitate the reunification of families by allowing parents to join their children in Australia. Applicants for the permanent visa can either apply directly or transition from the temporary visa. The visa process involves a rigorous assessment, including the balance-of-family test, health and character checks, and financial obligations.


Types of Contributory Parent Visas:
  1. Subclass 173 (Temporary): Allows parents to live in Australia for up to two years and provides a pathway to permanent residency.
  2. Subclass 143 (Permanent): Grants permanent residency, allowing parents to live in Australia indefinitely and access healthcare and social security benefits.
  3. Subclass 884 (Temporary): The Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Temporary) allows older parents to live temporarily in Australia. It provides a pathway to permanent residency through the Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Permanent) (subclass 864).
  4. Subclass 864 (Permanent): The Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Permanent) provides permanent residency for aged parents who meet the eligibility criteria. This visa can be applied for directly or as a progression from the temporary subclass 884 visa.


The Growing Demand for Parent Visas

Visa Help Australia Pty Ltd (Visa Help Australia) and Skilled Migration Consultants Pvt Ltd (Skilled Migration Consultants) have observed a significant increase in the number of applications for parent visas over recent years. This growth is driven by several factors, including demographic shifts, changes in immigration policies, and the impact of global events such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


  1. Demographic Shifts and Aging Population

Australia’s Aging Population: Australia’s demographic profile has been shifting towards an aging population. As many Australian residents and citizens are in their mid-to-late working years, they have elderly parents living overseas. These individuals seek to reunite with their parents to provide care and support in their later years.

Cultural Expectations: In many cultures represented in Australia, there is a strong expectation for adult children to care for their aging parents. This cultural norm drives the desire to bring parents to Australia to ensure they receive appropriate care and companionship.

Extended Families: The concept of extended families living together or near each other is common in many societies. The demand for Parent Visas aligns with the aspiration to maintain these extended family connections within Australia.


  1. Enhanced Quality of Life and Social Security

Access to Healthcare: Australia’s robust healthcare system, including Medicare, is a significant factor attracting families to bring their parents to Australia. Many parents, particularly those applying for the permanent Contributory Parent Visas, gain access to comprehensive healthcare services, which are often superior to those available in their home countries.

Economic Stability: Australia offers a stable economic environment and high living standards. Families are motivated to bring their parents to Australia to benefit from economic stability, social security, and quality of life, which are critical for aging individuals.

Educational and Recreational Opportunities: For younger parents or grandparents, the prospect of engaging in educational and recreational activities in Australia is appealing. Australia’s facilities for senior citizens, such as community centres and senior clubs, provide enriching experiences that enhance their quality of life.


  1. Changes in Immigration Policies

Shift Towards Family Reunification: Australia’s immigration policies have increasingly emphasized family reunification as a critical component of its immigration strategy. The availability of Contributory Parent Visas reflects this policy shift, facilitating the process for families wishing to reunite in Australia.

Flexible Visa Pathways: The introduction of temporary and permanent Contributory Parent Visas provides flexible pathways for parents to join their families. The option to transition from a temporary (subclass 173 or 884) to a permanent visa (subclass 143 or 864) offers families the opportunity to manage their financial contributions over time.

Extended Processing Times: While the demand for Parent Visas has grown, extended processing times due to higher application volumes have led families to apply earlier, anticipating lengthy waiting periods. This pre-emptive approach has further fuelled the surge in applications.


  1. The Impact of COVID-19 on Family Reunification

Pandemic-Induced Separation: The COVID-19 pandemic caused unprecedented global disruptions, leading to prolonged separations between families due to international travel restrictions and lockdowns. Many Australians were unable to visit their parents or bring them to Australia during the peak of the pandemic, heightening the emotional and psychological toll of separation.

Healthcare and Safety Concerns: The pandemic underscored the importance of access to reliable healthcare and safety. With the severe impact of COVID-19 on elderly populations, many Australians sought to bring their parents to Australia, where they could access better healthcare and vaccination programs. This concern for their parents’ health and safety during the pandemic intensified the urgency for family reunification.

Remote Work and Relocation Flexibility: The shift to remote work during the pandemic offered families greater flexibility in their living arrangements. As many Australians began working from home, the feasibility of relocating or adjusting living spaces to accommodate parents became more practical, increasing the demand for visas that facilitate such arrangements.

Emotional Well-being: The pandemic highlighted the importance of emotional well-being and family support systems. The isolation and uncertainty experienced during lockdowns led many to prioritize reuniting with their parents to provide emotional support and reduce the stress associated with long-distance family relationships.

Delayed Applications and Pent-Up Demand: The pandemic resulted in delays and backlogs in visa processing, creating pent-up demand as families waited to lodge or complete their applications. As restrictions eased, there was a surge in applications from those who had postponed their plans, contributing to the current high demand for Parent Visas.

Increased Awareness of Vulnerability: COVID-19 brought a heightened awareness of the vulnerabilities faced by elderly parents living overseas, especially in regions with less advanced healthcare systems. This awareness prompted many Australian residents and citizens to expedite their efforts to bring their parents to Australia, where they could ensure better care and safety during such crises.


Processing Times and Bureaucratic Delays

Despite the increasing demand, the processing times for Contributory Parent Visas have stretched significantly. There are several reasons for these extended delays:

  1. Limited Visa Quotas: The Australian government caps the number of parent visas issued annually. ‘Capping’ means there is a maximum number of visas that the Department of Home Affairs can grant each migration program year. Once they reach that number, they cannot grant more visas in that year. All remaining visa applications will stay in the ‘queue’ until a place becomes available in a future program year.​ For the Contributory Parent Visa, this cap has led to a backlog of applications. The number of available visas is often insufficient to meet the demand, resulting in longer waiting periods. Please see: Capping and Queuing of Parent visa applications
  2. Complex Application Requirements: The application process for a Contributory Parent Visa is highly detailed and requires extensive documentation. This includes proving the relationship, meeting health and character requirements, and demonstrating financial capability to cover the substantial visa fees. These complexities can delay application processing.
  3. Rigorous Assessment Procedures: The Department of Home Affairs conducts thorough assessments of each application to prevent fraud and ensure compliance with immigration laws. This involves in-depth background checks, medical examinations, and financial evaluations, which can be time-consuming.
  4. Administrative Constraints: The immigration system faces administrative challenges, including resource limitations and staffing shortages. These constraints can slow down the processing of applications, especially during periods of high demand or policy changes.
  5. COVID-19 Impact: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted global travel and immigration processes. Restrictions and lockdowns led to delays in processing times as immigration offices faced closures or operated at reduced capacity. Although the situation is improving, residual impacts are still affecting processing times.


Government Policies and Their Impact

Government policies significantly influence the processing times for Contributory Parent Visas. Recent policy changes and budget allocations have had profound effects:

  1. Policy Shifts: Changes in immigration policy, such as adjustments to visa quotas or eligibility criteria, directly impact the number of visas processed each year. Policy priorities may shift based on economic, social, or political considerations, affecting the allocation of resources to parent visa processing.
  2. Budget Allocations: Immigration policies are often influenced by budgetary considerations. Allocations for staffing, technology, and processing resources can impact how efficiently applications are handled. Insufficient funding can lead to bottlenecks and longer waiting times.
  3. Prioritization of Other Visa Categories: In some cases, the government may prioritize other visa categories over parent visas, such as skilled migration or employer sponsored visas. This can result in fewer resources dedicated to processing parent visas, thereby increasing wait times.
  4. Policy Changes Post-COVID: The Australian government introduced various immigration measures during the COVID-19 pandemic to support economic recovery. These measures included prioritizing skilled and business visas, which inadvertently affected the processing of parent visas by redirecting resources.


Financial Considerations and Impact on Processing

The financial aspects of the Contributory Parent Visa contribute to its prolonged processing times:

  1. High Visa Fees: The Contributory Parent Visa requires a substantial financial contribution, often exceeding AUD 45,000 for a single applicant. This fee is intended to offset the costs of healthcare and other services. Applicants must demonstrate their ability to pay this fee, which involves complex financial assessments.
  2. Assurance of Support: Applicants must provide an Assurance of Support (AoS), a financial bond to cover potential welfare costs. The process of obtaining and verifying an AoS can add to the overall processing time, especially if there are delays in securing the bond or fulfilling the financial requirements.
  3. Economic Impact on Applicants: The economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has affected many applicants’ financial situations. This has led to delays in securing the necessary funds for the visa fee and AoS, contributing to extended processing times.


Impact of Extended Processing Times

The prolonged processing times for Contributory Parent Visas have significant implications for applicants and their families:

  1. Emotional Strain: Families face emotional stress due to the uncertainty and long wait times. The separation from parents can be challenging, especially for those needing immediate support or assistance.
  2. Financial Burden: The high costs associated with the visa, coupled with the extended processing times, create a financial burden for applicants. Families may need to secure substantial funds over a prolonged period, impacting their financial stability.
  3. Impact on Retirement Plans: Many parents plan to retire in Australia with their children. Extended processing times can disrupt these plans, forcing parents to delay their retirement or make alternative arrangements in their home countries.
  4. Effect on Applicants’ Health and Well-being: The uncertainty and prolonged wait times can affect the mental and physical health of both parents and their families. The stress of waiting for visa approval can exacerbate health conditions and impact overall well-being.


Strategies to Mitigate Delays

Given the extended processing times, applicants can take several steps to mitigate delays and improve their chances of a smooth visa process:

  1. Early Application: Applicants should apply as early as possible to secure a place in the queue. Starting the process early can help manage the waiting period and provide more time to gather necessary documentation.
  2. Accurate Documentation: Ensuring that all required documents are accurate, complete, and well-organized can help expedite the assessment process. This includes thorough financial records, health checks, and character references.
  3. Professional Assistance: Engaging professional immigration consultants, such as Visa Help Australia Pty Ltd (Visa Help Australia) and Skilled Migration Consultants Pvt Ltd (Skilled Migration Consultants), can provide valuable guidance. These consultants offer expertise in navigating the complex visa process and addressing any issues that arise.
  4. Monitoring Policy Changes: Staying informed about changes in immigration policies and procedures can help applicants adapt their strategies. This includes understanding any new requirements or shifts in processing priorities that may impact their applications.
  5. Financial Planning: Applicants should engage in comprehensive financial planning to ensure they can meet the visa fee and AoS requirements. This includes securing the necessary funds and understanding the financial obligations involved.



The lengthy processing times for Australian Contributory Parent Visas are the result of a complex interplay of factors, including high demand, limited quotas, bureaucratic procedures, government policies, and financial considerations. Families seeking to reunite face emotional and financial challenges due to these extended wait times.

Visa Help Australia Pty Ltd (Visa Help Australia) and Skilled Migration Consultants Pvt Ltd (Skilled Migration Consultants) are well-positioned to assist applicants in navigating this intricate process. By offering expert guidance and support, these immigration consultants can help applicants manage their expectations, prepare their applications effectively, and address the challenges posed by prolonged processing times.

Ultimately, while the journey to obtaining a Contributory Parent Visa may be long and complex, thorough preparation, professional assistance, and proactive planning can help families achieve their goal of reuniting in Australia. The insights and strategies outlined in this essay aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the factors contributing to the delays and offer practical solutions for prospective applicants.