Types of Contributory Parent Visas

Types of Contributory Parent Visas

 

Introduction

Australia’s Contributory Parent Visas provide pathways for parents to join their children who are Australian citizens, permanent residents, or eligible New Zealand citizens. These visas facilitate family reunification while requiring a significant financial contribution, which helps offset public healthcare and other service costs. This article explores the different types of Contributory Parent Visas, including the Contributory Parent Visa (subclass 173 and 143) and the Contributory Aged Parent Visa (subclass 884 and 864).

 

Contributory Parent Visa (Temporary and Permanent)

Visa Help Australia Pty Ltd (Visa Help Australia) and Skilled Migration Consultants Pvt Ltd (Skilled Migration Consultants) provide expert guidance on these visas, ensuring families understand their options and navigate the application process effectively.

 

Contributory Parent Visa (Temporary) – Subclass 173

Overview: The Contributory Parent Visa (Temporary) (subclass 173) allows parents to live in Australia for up to two years. This visa is designed as a temporary measure before applying for permanent residency through the Contributory Parent Visa (Permanent) (subclass 143).

Key Features:

  • Duration: Up to 2 years.
  • Eligibility: Parent of an Australian citizen, permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand citizen.
  • Financial Contribution: Applicants must make a substantial financial contribution.
  • Healthcare: Access to Australia’s public healthcare system, Medicare, is limited.
  • Work and Study: The visa holder can work and study in Australia.
  • Transition to Permanent Residency: Applicants can apply for the Contributory Parent Visa (subclass 143) to obtain permanent residency.

Application Requirements:

  • Sponsorship: Applicants must be sponsored by their child or their child’s spouse/partner who is an eligible sponsor.
  • Balance-of-Family Test: The majority of the applicant’s children must reside in Australia.
  • Health and Character: Applicants must meet health and character requirements.

 

Contributory Parent Visa (Permanent) – Subclass 143

Overview: The Contributory Parent Visa (Permanent) (subclass 143) grants parents the right to live in Australia permanently. Applicants can apply directly for this visa or transition from the temporary Contributory Parent Visa (subclass 173).

Key Features:

  • Duration: Indefinite.
  • Eligibility: Parent of an Australian citizen, permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand citizen.
  • Financial Contribution: Requires a higher financial contribution than the temporary visa.
  • Healthcare: Access to Australia’s full public healthcare system, Medicare.
  • Work and Study: The visa holder can work and study in Australia.
  • Family Sponsorship: Applicants must be sponsored by their child or eligible sponsor.

Application Requirements:

  • Sponsorship: As with the subclass 173, sponsorship by an eligible family member is required.
  • Balance-of-Family Test: The same test as the subclass 173.
  • Health and Character: Applicants must meet stringent health and character requirements.
  • Assurance of Support: Financial assurance to cover potential social security costs is necessary.

 

Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Temporary and Permanent)

The Contributory Aged Parent Visa caters to older parents who meet the age requirements for an Australian Age Pension. This pathway provides similar benefits to the standard Contributory Parent Visa but is tailored for aged applicants.

 

Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Temporary) – Subclass 884

Overview: The Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Temporary) (subclass 884) allows older parents to live temporarily in Australia. It provides a pathway to permanent residency through the Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Permanent) (subclass 864).

Key Features:

  • Duration: Up to 2 years.
  • Eligibility: Aged parent of an Australian citizen, permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand citizen.
  • Financial Contribution: Requires a substantial financial contribution.
  • Healthcare: Limited access to Medicare.
  • Work and Study: The visa holder can work and study in Australia.
  • Transition to Permanent Residency: Provides a route to the permanent subclass 864 visa.

Application Requirements:

  • Age Requirement: Applicants must be of an age eligible for an Australian Age Pension.
  • Sponsorship: Requires sponsorship by an eligible family member.
  • Balance-of-Family Test: Majority of children must be in Australia.
  • Health and Character: Applicants must meet health and character standards.

 

Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Permanent) – Subclass 864

Overview: The Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Permanent) (subclass 864) provides permanent residency for aged parents who meet the eligibility criteria. This visa can be applied for directly or as a progression from the temporary subclass 884 visa.

Key Features:

  • Duration: Indefinite.
  • Eligibility: Aged parent of an Australian citizen, permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand citizen.
  • Financial Contribution: Requires a higher financial contribution than the temporary visa.
  • Healthcare: Full access to Medicare after visa grant.
  • Work and Study: The visa holder can work and study in Australia.
  • Family Sponsorship: Needs sponsorship from an eligible family member.

Application Requirements:

  • Age Requirement: As with subclass 884, applicants must be eligible for an Australian Age Pension.
  • Sponsorship: Must be sponsored by an eligible child or their spouse/partner.
  • Balance-of-Family Test: As with other contributory visas.
  • Health and Character: Applicants must pass health and character checks.
  • Assurance of Support: A financial assurance to cover potential welfare costs is necessary.

 

Financial Considerations for Contributory Parent Visas

Visa Help Australia Pty Ltd (Visa Help Australia) and Skilled Migration Consultants Pvt Ltd (Skilled Migration Consultants) highlight the importance of understanding the financial obligations associated with Contributory Parent Visas.

Visa Application Charges

  • Initial Application Charge: Paid when the application is lodged.
  • Second Instalment: A significant fee paid before visa approval, contributing to Australia’s healthcare system.

Assurance of Support

  • Purpose: Acts as a financial guarantee that the applicant will not rely on public welfare.
  • Duration: Typically lasts for 10 years.
  • Requirements: Must be provided by a sponsor, usually the child or another eligible relative.

 

Benefits of Contributory Parent Visas

Family Reunification

  • Emotional Support: Enables parents to live close to their children and grandchildren, providing emotional and practical support.
  • Cultural Integration: Helps maintain cultural ties and traditions by keeping families together.

Economic Contribution

  • Healthcare: The significant visa fees contribute to public healthcare costs, ensuring applicants do not burden the system.
  • Skills and Experience: Older parents often bring valuable skills, experience, and wisdom, enriching Australian society.

Access to Services

  • Medicare: Permanent visa holders have full access to Australia’s public healthcare system.
  • Social Security: After a waiting period, permanent residents can access certain social security benefits, depending on eligibility.

 

Application Process and Timelines

Processing Time

  • Temporary Visas: Processing can take several months due to demand and thorough assessment.
  • Permanent Visas: Typically longer than temporary visas, often several years, depending on individual circumstances and government quotas.

Documentation

  • Identity Proof: Passports, birth certificates, and other identification documents.
  • Health Assessments: Medical examinations to ensure applicants meet health standards.
  • Character Checks: Police certificates and character references to demonstrate good character.

 

Steps in the Application Process
  1. Lodging the Application: Submit the application with required documents and initial fees.
  2. Health and Character Checks: Undergo necessary medical examinations and provide police certificates.
  3. Assessment by Department of Home Affairs: The application is reviewed for eligibility, completeness, and compliance with visa requirements.
  4. Second Instalment Payment: Pay the second instalment before final visa approval.
  5. Visa Grant: Receive notification of visa grant.

 

Conclusion

Contributory Parent Visas, including the Contributory Parent Visa (subclass 173 and 143) and the Contributory Aged Parent Visa (subclass 884 and 864), provide valuable pathways for family reunification in Australia. These visas require substantial financial contributions but offer significant benefits, including permanent residency and access to public services.

Applicants should carefully consider the eligibility criteria, financial obligations, and application process to make informed decisions. Professional immigration consultants, such as Visa Help Australia Pty Ltd (Visa Help Australia) and Skilled Migration Consultants Pvt Ltd (Skilled Migration Consultants), offer crucial support and guidance, helping families navigate the complexities of the visa process effectively.